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MYTHOLOGY - GENERAL

The Olympian Gods

In Greek mythology, we have 12 major Gods called the Olympian Gods. Although, some writers mention 13. So we proceeded to have a minor "investigation" into books, written (or translated) by Greek or non-Greek authors. The results were quite interesting:

Most writers refer to the following gods as "Olympian Gods":

  1. Zeus or Dias god of the sky and earth, king of the gods.
  2. Hera goddess of the wedding.
  3. Poseidon (Neptune) god of the sea.
  4. Dimitra (Demeter) goddess of agriculture.
  5. Athena goddess of wisdom.
  6. Ares (Mars) god of war.
  7. Apollon (Apollo) god of the light, music and prophecy.
  8. Artemis (Diana) goddess of hunting and the moon.
  9. Aphrodite (Venus) goddess of love and beauty.
  10. Hermes god of trade and literature, messenger of the gods.
  11. Hestia (Vesta) goddess of the family life.
  12. Hefestos (Vulcan) god of fire.
  13. Pluton or Hades (Pluto) god of the underworld.
So as it seems we have thirteen (13) major gods. All these gods have a direct relationship with Dias (Zeus). They are either his sons or daughters, or his brothers and sisters. Dias (Zeus) was married to his sister Hera, this was acceptable for a god but totally unacceptable for humans to do according to the the morals of the ancient Greek society.

Also, make a note of god Pluton (Pluto). Pluton was supposed to live in Hades (the underworld) so at first look, he's the one that can't be Olympian (Olympian gods are the gods that lived on Mount Olympus). All non-Greek writers refer to god Pluton as "god Hades".

"Hades" is the name of the place, the underworld. Pluton (Pluto) is the name of the god. Most ancient sources refer to the god of the underworld as "Pluton" (which means "rich" - money was a bad thing in the mind of ancient Greek society). In later sources the god is associated with the place where he resides, so the name "Hades" (which means "the unseen") is also used in some cases.


 




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